Who was born on June 8 and what happened on that day?

Who was born on June 8 and what happened on that day?

👉 HOLIDAYS:

🇺🇳 UN – International Oceans Day.
🌏 Birthday of the vacuum cleaner

🔹 NATIONAL HOLIDAYS:

🇺🇸 USA – Dear Friends Day.
🇦🇮 Anguilla – Birthday of the ruler.
🇫🇷 France – Memorial Day for those who died for France in Indochina.
🇳🇫 Norfolk Island – Bounty Day (1856).
🇵🇪 Peru – Engineers Day.
🇷🇺 Russia – Day of Social Workers.
🇷🇺 Karelia – Republic Day.

👉 EVENTS:

– 218 – Battle of Antioch between the troops of Emperor Macrinus and the followers of fourteen-year-old Heliogabalus, a pretender to the throne.
– 1509 – Pisa, besieged by the troops of the Republic of Florence, surrenders. The Republic of Pisa ceased to exist.
– 1701 – Peter I announced the Decree establishing the state social protection system.
– 1758 – In the North American theater during the Seven Years’ War, the British begin the siege of Louisbourg.
– 1783 – The Laki volcano in Iceland erupts, killing one-fifth of the country’s population.
– 1786 – Ice cream was sold for the first time in New York.
– 1824 – Noah Cashing received a patent for a washing machine in Quebec.
– 1861 – In a referendum in the state of Tennessee, two-thirds of the population voted in favor of leaving the United States.
– 1869 – Ives McGuffey of Chicago patented the vacuum cleaner.
– 1912 – “Universal” film studio was founded in Los Angeles.
– 1940 – Neptunium is discovered.
– 1946 – The International Organization of Journalists was established.
– 1949 – George Orwell’s novel “1984” was published.
– 1960 – Leon Trotsky’s killer Ramon Mercader was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union.
– 1964 – Iceland became a member of UNESCO.
– 1965 – American companies “Frito-Lay” and “Pepsi-Cola” merged to form “PepsiCo”.
– 1978 – Solzhenitsyn gave a speech “A Divided World” to the Harvard Alumni Assembly (20,000 people), the speech was broadcast on US television.
– 1990 – The Russian parliament voted for the supremacy of Russian laws over the laws of the USSR.
– 2004 – Transit of Venus across the Sun’s disk.
– 2011 – Protests called “Revolution through Social Networks” began in Belarus.
– 2017 – Prime Minister of Great Britain, Theresa May, was re-elected to the parliament at the end of the extraordinary elections.
– 2020 – A Capitol Hill Autonomous Zone was established in Seattle during the 2020 US protests.

👉 BIRTHDAYS:

– 1683 – Pierre Man’oli (1715) – French botanist, one of the founders of systematization of plants.
– 1810 – Robert Alexander Schumann (1856) – German composer, representative of 19th century musical romanticism.
– 1832 – Alexander Aksakov (1903) – Russian publicist, translator, publisher.
– 1903 – Margaret Yourcenar (1987) – French writer, the first woman elected to the French Academy.
– 1916 – Francis Crick (2004) – British molecular biologist, biophysicist and neurobiologist, winner of the Nobel Prize (1962).
– 1920 – Ivan Kozhedub (1991) – Soviet fighter pilot, three times Hero of the Soviet Union.
– 1926 – Oleg Koshevoy (1943) – leader of the secret Komsomol organization “Young Guard” in Krasnodar (1942-1943), hero of the Soviet Union.
– 1939 – Norman Davies – British historian.
– 1945 – Nicholas “Nicky” F. Oppenheimer – African billionaire, shareholder of large mining firms engaged in diamond and gold mining.
– 1947 – Eric Wieshaus – American biologist, winner of the Nobel Prize (1995).
– 1955 – Jose Antonio Camacho – Spanish football player and coach, winner of the silver medal of the European Championship (1954).
– 1955 – Sir Timothy John “Tim” Berners-Lee – English computer scientist, professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, inventor of the Internet.
– 1984 – Javier Mascherano – Argentinian football player, two-time Olympic champion.
– 1997 – Jelena Ostapenko is a Latvian tennis player, the youngest winner of the “Grand Slam” tournament.
– 2004 – Francesca Capaldi is a young American actress.

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Matn nusxasini olish taqiqlanadi! @sadikovuz