Ingliz tili Passive voice

Majhul nisbat – Passive voice

to be + Verb 3 (past participle)

Passive voice o’zbek tilida majhul nisbat bo’lib, ish – harakatining bajarilganligi uning kim tomondan bajarilganligidan muhimroq bo’lgan holatlarda ishlatiladi.

Masalan:  Gullar sug’orildi.  Flowers were watered.

Ingliz tili zamonlari

Ishlatilishi:

Ish-harakatni bajaruvchi

a) noma’lum bo’lsa (unknown)

b) muhim bo’lmasa (unimportant)

c) aniq  (obvious)

bo’lganda:

The museum was built in 1875. 

(unknown- kim qurganligi ma’lum emas)

The flowers have been delivered.

(unimportant- kim yetkazib bergani muhim emas)

Must va Have to o’rtasida qanday farq bor?

He was arrested.

(obvious- kim tomonidan qamoqqa olinganligi aniq, by police)

Ish-harakat bajaruvchiga nisbatan muhimroq bo’lgan holatlarda-asosan yangiliklar, maqolalar va e’lonlarda:

The National Library was opened by President.

Ayrim gaplarning muloyim formalarida:

My phone is broken.  

( instead of -You broke my phone ;))

Ingliz tili zamonlar tushunchasi va zamonlar

Tenses

Active Passive
Present Simple  Sarah cleans the room

 

 The room is cleaned by Sarah
Present Continuous  Sarah is cleaning the room

 

 The room is being cleaned by Sarah
Present Perfect Sarah has cleaned the room The room has been cleaned by Sarah
Past Simple  Sarah cleaned the room

 

 The room was cleaned by Sarah
Past Continuous  Sarah was cleaning the room  The room was being cleaned by Sarah
Past Perfect  Sarah had cleaned the room  The room had been cleaned by Sarah
Future Simple  Sarah will clean the room  The room will be cleaned by Sarah
Conditionals If Sarah had time, She would clean the room  If Sarah had time, the room would be cleaned
Modals  Sarah must clean the room  The room must be cleaned

 

 

Manba

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